Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Bilgi Paketi - Ders Kataloğu

Description of Individual Course Units

Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of CourseYearSemesterECTS
HRT308 Photogammetry-II 927006 3 6 5
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
Instruction of the advanced optimization techniques which are required to produce various photogrammetric products.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sedat Doğan
Learning Outcomes
  1. Student learns photogrammetric triangulation types and the related confidence criterions.
  2. Learns camera calibration.
  3. Knows the linear approximations of the perspective projections and their numerical solutions.
  4. Augments his/her background on numerical analysis, linear algebra, data structures to code the photogrammetric software to be developed as homework.
  5. Knows the geometry of stereo images, homography and epipolar geometry.
  6. Knows relative and absolute orientation with their analytical models.
  7. Can solve the photogrammetric problems by his/her own photogrammetric programs.
  8. Knows all the methods used to find the exterior orientation parameters with LS adjustment
Mode of Delivery
Formal Education
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Recommended or Required Reading
Kraus K., 2003. Photogrammetry (vol.1 and vol.2) .Dümmler Verlag, Bonn.Altan O ve diğ.2007. Fotogrametri (Türkçe Çeviri: Kraus, K.), İstanbul.Atkinson, K.B, 2001. Close Range Photogrammetry and Machine Vision. Whittles Publishing.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Course Contents
Adjustment in photogrammetry. Bundle adjustment methods. Block adjustment, photogrammetric triangulation, 3D reconstruction and visualization with stereo images, parallax and disparity, relative and absolute orientation, camera calibration with additional parameters. Production of ortho-photo and photo mosaicking, image stitching. Automatic techniques for image coordinate measurements.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
Week Theoretical Practice Laboratory
1.Geometry of stereo images. Epipolar geometry.
2.Homography: fundamental and essential matrices and their relations with projective geometry. Concepts of disparity and parallax. Methods for creation of disparity maps.
3.Fotogrametride dengeleme. Demet dengelemesi ve bağımsız modeller dengelemesi kavramları. Adjustment calculus in photogrammetry. Bundle adjustment and independent models adjustment.
4.Least squares estimation of object coordinates when both interior and exterior orientation patameters are known.
5.Least squares estimation of exterior orientation parameters with the known intrinsic parameters by using co-linearity relations.
6.Least squares estimation of the exterior orientation parameters of two or more stereo images by using bundle adjustment and tie points.
7.The concept of photogrammetric triangulation. Aerial triangulation. Precision and confidence criterions.
8.Mid-term exam.
9.Stereo evaluation of a block by using bundle block adjustment.
10.Relative and absolute orientation.
11.Block adjustment with independent models.
12.Estimation of camera intrinsic parameters together with the exterior parameters and object coordinates of the tie points. (Camera calibration with bundle adjustment).
13.Additional parameters of interior orientation. Their mathematical derivations.
14.Linear estimation methods of perspective projection. DLT and some other closed form solutions.
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight (%)
Midterm Examination140
Project Preparation120
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight (%)
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesQuantityTime(hours)Total Workload(hours)
Midterm Examination155
Final Examination177
Attending Lectures14342
Project Preparation12525